Corns & Calluses

corn-callus-1The skin is able to protect itself from pressure by growing more quickly, forming a thick outer layer. Sometimes the pressure is too high and the outer layer of skin becomes so thick that it acts like a foreign body on the skin. This is a callus.

A focus of pressure within the callus can occur causing a hard plug of skin to form and this is a corn.

Causes: Corns and Calluses are the body’s protective mechanism gone wrong. Because corns and callus form on the dead outer layer of the skin there is no “root”.

corn-callus-2Treatment: Dr. Shumate may treat corns and calluses by debriding or paring the callus and removing the centre of the corn. Pads are often used to reduce the friction and pressure of the corn. Dr. Shumate will also discuss the type of footwear most likely to cause corns or calluses and in some extreme cases prescribe orthotics to reduce excessive weight bearing forces on the foot. He may also devise a treatment plan that will include the following:

  • Recommend regular treatment.
  • Suggest a softening cream.
  • Advise on self care.
  • Give footwear advice or prescribe special footwear.
  • Provide padding devices to take the pressure of the painful area.
  • Analyze the pattern of walking and prescribe functional orthoses to help correct it.
  • Refer for a surgical remedy.

Discuss with Dr. Shumate

It is important to discuss your mobility and foot care problems with Dr. Shumate. He can advise which service or professional support is most appropriate to your needs. Dr. Shumate, after assessing your foot function, may recommend orthoses or insoles to help relieve foot pain and discomfort.